Over the years, in Assam, there has been a disturbing denial of citizenship rights of Muslims, who are branded as Bangladeshis. In the aftermath of an eviction drive conducted by the government in Kaziranga National Park, the article focuses on the narrative that the villagers have to offer, while interrogating the nature of Assamese nationalism.
The Kaziranga National Park, a world heritage site which is home to the world famous one-horned rhinos, grabbed media headlines in September Unlike previous occasions, the park did not draw media attention due to unabated rhino poaching, but because of an eviction drive carried out by the Assam government in fringe villages of the national park. Following the order of the Gauhati High Court, the eviction drive in three fringe villages—Banderdubi, Deosursang and Palkhowa—of the Kaziranga National Park, was carried out on 19 September by the Government of Assam.
Two persons including a year-old girl student, were killed in police firing during the massive protest against the eviction. This subsequently sparked off a heated debate in the print, electronic, and social media. Those evicted were mostly Muslim peasants of East Bengal origin. We made an attempt to understand the anguish of the evicted people, their Akhil gogoi wife sexual dysfunction state in makeshift dwellings, and the justification of their rights of rehabilitation and resettlement.
We argue that the narrow, communal, divisive and myopic approach adopted by a section of the upper-caste Assamese Hindus to categorically exclude the migrant communities from Bangladesh, is a whip to Akhil gogoi wife sexual dysfunction Assamese nationality. Interestingly, the educated mainstream Assamese society and different ethnic groups of the state are following this discourse and blurring the difference between the identities of the old and the new settlers. Historically, various religious, linguistic, and cultural groups who had migrated to this region at different junctures contributed in different ways to enrich the fabric of Assamese society GohainGuhaSharma Akhil gogoi wife sexual dysfunction, Sharma Cultural tolerance and secularism is thus a distinct trait of this society.
The Assamese middle class being a part of the ruling class has largely been successful in projecting its own class and factional interests as the interest of Assamese nationality or the people of Assam. Because of its weak position in the production process, this class is not sure about its destiny or its future. It has been portraying its own identity crisis and apprehensions as the crisis of the Assamese nationality or of Assam.
Though the contributions of exploited and marginalised peasants have been significant in the process of Assamese nationality formation, their voices have been stifled and suppressed. The narratives of deep anguish and discrimination faced by these Bengali Muslim settlers from East Bengal continue to be excluded by the mainstream society.
This trend of ostracisation by the caste Hindu Assamese in the formation of Assamese nationality is not new. However, there also exists a small trend of progressive nationalism. Unfortunately, the narrow, communal and divisive prism of Assamese caste Hindus is prominent in the political and social sphere of Assam.
We reached Banderdubi on 2 October, to collect first-hand data and know the experience of the evicted masses. The outrage on television and in print media merged with misguided public opinion moulded by social media which brands Bengali Muslims as illegal Bangladeshi.
According to oral history sources, the Karbi and the Assamese people used to inhabit the Banderdubi area before
Akhil gogoi wife sexual dysfunction Muslim settlement started. In the s, Bengali Muslims from the neighbouring Nagaon district migrated to Banderdubi. The annual flood of Brahmaputra deposits silt, making the land highly fertile for agriculture.
The original dwellers of the village later migrated to Kaliabor, Nagaon, Bokakhat and nearby hills after selling off their land to the agrarian Muslim community. The cultivation of paddy and cash crops yielded profit to the Bengali-speaking Muslims of Banderdubi.
Akhil gogoi wife sexual dysfunction are now above 60 years of age, in fact belong to the second generation and in cases to the third generation. The mosque in Banderdubi Akhil gogoi wife sexual dysfunction built in and the primary school was provincialised in Khagen Kalita, an evicted victim belonging to the caste Hindu Assamese community, said that his forefathers had resided in this village for over years.
He claimed that each person residing in Banderdubi is a legal Indian citizen. Yes, we are Bangladeshis. It was disheartening to see legal citizens called illegal infiltrators by misguided populism. If the evicted masses were Bangladeshis or suspected citizens, then why were they not sent to detention camps? Why did the government announce a compensation of Rs 5 lakh to the families of the two persons killed in the police firing during eviction?
His face was wrenched in anguish which later gave way to tears. On being asked he shared. If we were, then the democratic government would not have done this against us. We are now camping on roads. The people were also unaware about whether their compensation would be in terms of cash or land. A map of Banderdubi village prepared by the revenue department in was shown to us.
The voters list of is already doing the Akhil gogoi wife sexual dysfunction on social media.
Kaziranga was declared a National Park in Banderdubi Akhil gogoi wife sexual dysfunction one such village. It has been a revenue village of the Assam government for the last 50—60 years and the land revenue receipts available with the villagers bear testimony to this fact.
The village has a total of about 2, bighas of land. Around bighas are myadi, some eksoniya and some are tarju land. They pay regular land revenue to the government. However, there are instances of eviction of Akhil gogoi wife sexual dysfunction from the eksoniya and tarju land by the government from time to time. He earns his livelihood by cultivating paddy and mustard. But, for the sake of Kaziranga and its pride—the one—horned rhinoceros—he was willing to let go of his land.
In return, he wanted an assurance of compensation and rehabilitation from the government.
Is not it my right? We are now staying in the camps, but for how long? Where do we go from here? One such notice for eviction was issued last year as well. This time also, they anticipated eviction only from the government land. But their nightmare came true when it dawned on them that all of Banderdubi was to be evicted. Later, Akhil Gogoi was called upon to give a face and course to the protest. Prior to the eviction, on 15 Septemberthe villagers both men and women marched to the Kaliabor Circuit House, overcoming the scorching heat.
Few representatives from among the villagers were called for discussion, and verbal promise of compensation within 40 days was to the bearers of patta land. Interestingly, the Hindu families were called for discussion separately and compensation that was four times the value of their land was promised, because their land was on the side of the national highway.
Akhil gogoi wife sexual dysfunction was outrageous to see democratic politics dividing people on communal grounds for vested political interest. The evicted people who were taking shelter in four camps said Akhil gogoi wife sexual dysfunction unison that KMSS leader Akhil Gogoi requested the people to go in a for non-violent protest. Gogoi had said that non-violent protest would compel the government to withdraw the decision of the eviction drive.
Camp of the villagers after eviction. There was noise about two other things after the Kaziranga evictions—first that the rhino poachers belonged to the Bengali Muslim community, and second that Banderdubi was nestled in the animal corridor. The villagers had their explanations.
There were also instances of two or three youths from the village being arrested and sent to jail for their alleged involvement in rhino poaching.
But without credible evidence, it is fatuous to claim the entire village as rhino poachers. The villagers complained that there is a tacit nexus between the forest officials and poachers. Gopal Konwar, a youth from another village nearby, further added that during the last annual floods the villagers had rescued wild animals and handed them over to the forest department.
Technically, from Jakhalabandha to Bokakhat, the entire area is an animal corridor. In that sense, Banderdubi too falls within the animal corridor. During the annual floods the wild animals move up to the hills, but this was not possible in Banderdubi since it is mostly inundated during the floods. So Banderdubi, being a refuge for the wild animals does not Interestingly, a signboard signifying animal corridor also stands in front of the Kanchanjuri tea garden.
The people of the village told us that the tea estate belongs to a powerful and affluent minister of the state government. Children in the camp.
Banderdubi primary school had a total of students. Two days prior to the eviction, "Akhil gogoi wife sexual dysfunction" furniture was removed from the school and the students were meant to be shifted to the nearby schools. But the reality was gloomy. When these students from Banderdubi went to the nearby schools for enrollment in the aftermath of eviction, they were denied admission.
The reason cited was the lack of teachers and infrastructure.
It became arduous for the students to seek admission in the middle of the year which essentially meant the loss of the academic year. The education minister, who is otherwise credited for bringing about a revolutionary change in education through Teacher Eligibility Test TEThas not paid attention Akhil gogoi wife sexual dysfunction the murky future of these innocent children. Women and children in the camp. During the eviction drive, security personnel and police included both the male and female force, but male personnel were deployed to evict the women from their village.
An anganwadi worker revealed that the camps—now home to 12
Akhil gogoi wife sexual dysfunction women, 15 lactating mothers and 20 teenage girls—lack even basic access to safe drinking water and food.
The condition of these women is pitiable. Osman Ali 13 wounded by bullet during police firing. Suddenly we heard bullets being fired and
Akhil gogoi wife sexual dysfunction ran for our lives. One bullet hit my thigh. This field study gave us credible evidence to be convinced that the Banderdubi villagers are bona fide citizens of this country.
At the ground Akhil gogoi wife sexual dysfunction, however, the Kaziranga eviction exemplified a grave truth. Being citizens of an independent nation, these evicted masses were denied basic democratic and human rights. Interestingly, though the state government announced compensation for the evicted lands within 40 days, people are yet to receive compensation in any form.
Branding a particular community as Bangladeshi without veridical facts is deeply problematic and antithetical to the concept of Assamese nationalism which is characterised by humane, democratic and secular society. tary, Akhil Gogoi who is also a prominent. Right to Information The identity of the dead, including the woman killed state, whether from impotence or because.
The KMSS chief Akhil Gogoi was mocked on social media for his stand. 19 September, even a glass of water,” claims a woman in the camp. We are being targeted for our honesty: Akhil Gogoi Akhil: Our society is facing various problems and diverse forces are responsible for it.