This is a list of Christian denominational positions on homosexuality. The issue of homosexuality and Christianity is a subject of on-going theological debate within and between Christian denominations and this list seeks to summarise the various official positions. Within denominations, many "Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality" may hold somewhat differing views on and even differing definitions of homosexuality.
The Seventh-day Adventist Church is opposed to same-sex sexual practices and relationships on the grounds that "sexual intimacy belongs only within the marital relationship of a man and a woman.
The Anglican Communion has been divided over the issue of homosexuality in several ways. The Church of Englandthe mother church of the Communion, currently maintains according to the statement Issues in Human Sexuality that same-sex partnerships are acceptable for laypersons, and gay clergy may enter in a civil partnership as long as they are expected to give assurances of celibacy.
Bishop Gene Robinson is Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality first openly gay non-celibate clergy to be ordained to the episcopate. InNicholas Chamberlainthe Bishop of Granthambecame the first bishop in the Church of England to come out as gay and in a same-sex relationship.
In response to several controversies in the Episcopal Church, among which was its changed policies relating to sexual morality, a number of alternative Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality churches were founded during the s and s. They are customarily referred to as the churches of the Continuing Anglican movement. Inconflict in the worldwide Anglican Communion over the issue of the acceptance of homosexuality, the appointment of Bishop Gene Robinson in the Episcopal Church in the USA, and a growing concern
Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality the ambivalent position of the Anglican mother church in the UK led to the founding of a global network of conservative Anglican churches representing more than two thirds of Anglicans throughout the world.
Favoring more inclusion of same-sex relationships, "more liberal provinces that are open to changing Church doctrine on marriage in order to allow for same-sex unions include BrazilCanadaNew ZealandScotlandSouth IndiaSouth AfricaSpainthe US and Wales. It and the Continuing Anglican churches are primarily made up of people who left the Episcopal Church, partially in opposition to its approval of homosexual relationships and gay clergy. The Southern Baptist Conventionthe largest of the Baptist denominations and the single largest Protestant group in the U.
Homosexuality is not a Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality alternative lifestyle. The same available to all sinners is available to homosexuals. They, too, may become new creations in Christ. After repentance, the person is declared forgiven by the church.
In Julythe General Assembly of the Disciples of Christ issued a "Sense of the Assembly" resolution GA "Becoming a People of Grace and Welcome to All" that in part acknowledges that people within society and within the church have been "devalued and discriminated against Local Disciples of Christ congregations have also performed same-sex marriages such as the First Christian Church of Davenport although the General Assembly has "Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality" official policy on same-sex marriages.
The Christian Reformed Church in North America has maintained the stance since the s that homosexuality is the direct result of a "broken," sinful world, but that the Church should offer a compassionate community for Christian homosexuals. Celibate and repentant gays and lesbians should not be denied any right granted to heterosexuals. They have the right to maintain office and be an active member in a congregationas their gifts can still be used to glorify God.
The Church must provide support for homosexuals to find "healing and wholeness" in their "broken sexuality". Although the First Christian Reformed Church of Toronto also the first CRC congregation to call a woman minister voted to allow gays and lesbians in committed partnerships as elders and deacons, this decision was later rescinded in the face of pressure from Classis Toronto regional gathering of churches.
The Orthodox Church holds the opinion that sexuality, as we understand it, is part of the fallen world only. In Orthodox theology both monasticism and marriage are paths to Salvation sotiria in Greek; literally meaning, "becoming whole". Celibacy is the ideal path of exclusive concern for the Kingdom of Godexemplified in monasticismwhile marriage is a reflection of the Messianic covenant and blessed under the context of true unitive love "Man must love his wife as Jesus Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality his Church": This context can be interpreted by the non-Orthodox as not being exclusive of homosexuality; whereas it is seen as exclusive of homosexuality by the vast majority of Orthodox Christians.
Traditionally, the Christian East has maintained a comparatively non-legalistic view of sin see abovein which homosexuality is spiritually disordered. Although some members of the Church may have assumed an active role in encouraging negative social stereotypes against unrepentant homosexuals, they misrepresent the stance of the Orthodox Church, which does not promote judgment of people but judgment of actions.
However, several prominent members of the clergy [ who? All jurisdictions, such as the Orthodox Church in Americahave taken the approach of welcoming people with "homosexual feelings and emotions," while encouraging them to work towards "overcoming its harmful effects in their lives," while not extending the holy mysteries sacraments to people Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality seek to justify homosexual activity.
The Assembly of Canonical Orthodox Bishops of North and Central America, the highest Orthodox Christian representative body in the Americas, reaffirmed in a statement in September that "the Orthodox Christian teaching on marriage and sexuality, firmly grounded in Holy Scripture, two millennia of Church Tradition, and Canon Law, holds that the sacrament of marriage consists in the union of a man and a woman, and that authentic marriage reflects the sacred unity that exists between Christ and His Bride, the Church".
In the group Axios was founded in Los Angeles to affirm and advocate for sexual minorities within the Orthodox Church, and has since started several other chapters in the Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality StatesCanadaand Australia.
Jehovah's Witnesses consider same-sex sexual activity to be sinful, but recognize that some people may be prone to homosexuality, including members of their congregation. Members are required to abstain from any homosexual behavior, which is listed as a serious sin, but are told not to hate homosexual individuals. Their literature has stated that Christians should not make homosexuals the target of ridicule or harassment. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints LDS Church makes it clear that experiencing Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality of same-sex attraction  is neither a choice,  a sin, nor the fault of the individual  and that celibate LGBT members can have a good standing in the Church.
Leaders of the LDS Church have encouraged all to reach out to LGB persons with love and understanding, which has sparked some criticism and a small protest from some more conservative churches.
This policy brought criticism to the LDS faith. The Community of Christ officially decided to extend the sacrament of marriage to same-sex couples where gay marriage is legal, to provide covenant commitment ceremonies where it is not legal, and to allow the ordination of in same-sex relationships to the priesthood.
However, this is only in the United States, Canada, and Australia. The church does have a presence in countries where homosexuality is punishable by law, even death, so for the protection of the members in those nations, full inclusion "Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality" LGBT individuals is limited to the countries where this is not the case.
Individual viewpoints do vary, and some congregations may be more welcoming than others. Furthermore, the church has proponents for support of both traditional marriage and same-sex marriages. During the national meeting in delegates voted against a measure that would have allowed non-celibate gay ordination and the blessing of same-sex unions by against to in favor. InLionel Ketola became the first person in a same-sex marriage to be appointed vicar intern of an Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada congregation.
This occurred at  Newmarket, Ontario. The national church, which had previously rejected such a proposal, proceeded to Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality that it alone had the authority to make such a Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality. The National Church Council agreed in a September ruling, but promised to bring forward Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality motion authorizing the local option for approval at the National Convention.
Most Lutheran and united state churches in GermanyLutheranism's country of origin, are liberal, viewing homosexuality as moral and allow gay and lesbian clergy. Most of the Lutheran and united churches in Germany are blessing same-sex unions. In general, some churches of the Evangelical Church in Germany in the more rural parishes are against blessing same-sex Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality, while most other churches do allow them.
In the Church of Sweden allowed blessings of same-sex unions, and
Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality allowed same-sex marriage and the ordination of gay clergy. InEva Brunne became the first lesbian woman to be elected as a bishop, in the Diocese of Stockholm.
The Church of Iceland allows same-sex marriages. The Lutheran Church of Norway was divided, with 6 of 11 bishops accepting homosexual practice as moral, even though the church officially rejects it. But in the Church of Norway allowed the blessing same-sex unions. Sincethe Church of Denmark has allowed same-sex marriages.
The Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland is divided on the issue and does not approve of same-sex marriages, though many bishops have expressed their acceptance for homosexual unions.
As of Octoberthe Church of Finland allows, Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality does not oblige its clergy to pray for same-sex couples. The Lutheran Church of Australia and Lutheran Church of New Zealand, which are both closely tied, reject same-sex unions, and affirm that homosexual acts are immoral. No Mennonite Churches in North or South America have officially endorsed same-sex marriagebut some have taken steps towards this practice.
In the Netherlands, same-sex marriages can be both ordained and conducted by the Mennonite Church since This is coordinated through the Brethren Mennonite Council on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Interests with over 70 participating congregations. In contrast, Mennonite pastors who performed same-sex unions have had their credentials revoked by their conference  and some within the Mennonite Church USA have had their credentials reviewed without any disciplinary actions taken.
The Methodist Church of Great Britain Within the Methodist Church of Great Britain, people have many views about human relationships, sexuality and the nature and purpose of marriage. Inthe Methodist Conference
Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality six resolutions on human sexuality see belowincluding a Resolution 6 which. Furthermore, it called on the Methodist "Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality" to begin a pilgrimage of faith to combat repression and discrimination, to work for justice and human rights and to give dignity and worth to people whatever their sexual orientation.
In passing these resolutions, the Methodist Conference made its opposition to homophobia known. In the Methodist Conference reaffirmed the current Methodist Standing Orders which state the belief, "that marriage is a gift of God and that it is God's intention that a marriage should be a life-long union in body, mind and spirit of one man and one woman.
The Conference in confirmed that there was no reason why Methodists may not enter legally formed same sex marriage e. At that time, and to date Junethis did not change the definition that the Methodist Church uses to define the intention of marriage. However, in the Methodist Conference set up a working group to update its Statement canons of the church on Marriage and Relationships, including consideration of revising the definition of marriage, including consideration of same sex marriage.
The task group will report to the Conference inand again no later than Inthe Conference clarified that, whilst there is no formal Methodist liturgy or Methodist resources for the blessing of civil partnerships or same-sex marriage, appropriate pastoral responses may be given to same-sex couples who are entering civil partnership or legal same sex-marriages.
In other words, prayers of thanksgiving or celebration may be said, Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality there may be informal services of thanksgiving or celebration. The Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality Church of Great Britain has issued the following definition of Homophobia, which is supported by supplementary guidance.
Homophobia is any statement, policy or action which denies the image of God in another person due to their actual or perceived sexual orientation; which is, treating someone in a discriminatory manner because of their actual or perceived sexual orientation.
Homophobic attitudes, words, and behaviours are inconsistent with the nature of Christian conduct and a violation of the worth and dignity of all people. Homophobia can be experienced in a number of ways, including:. At the annual Methodist Conference in in Derby, following long debate at all levels of the Church's life on the basis of a detailed report, the Methodist Church considered the issues of human sexuality.
At the end of the debate, the Conference passed in the same session a series of resolutions known as 'The Resolutions'. resolutions are as follows:. The Conference, affirming the joy of human sexuality as Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality gift and the place of every human being within the grace of God, recognises the responsibility that flows from this for us all.
It therefore welcomes the serious, prayerful and sometimes costly consideration given to this issue by The Methodist Church. All practices of sexuality, which are promiscuous, exploitative or demeaning in any way are unacceptable forms of behaviour and contradict God's purpose for us all. The Conference directs that this affirmation is made clear to all candidates for ministry, office
Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality membership, and having established this, affirm that the existing procedures of our church are adequate to deal with all such cases.
The Conference resolves that its decision in this debate shall not be used to form the basis of a disciplinary charge against any person in relation to conduct alleged to Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality taken place before such decisions were made. Conference recognises, affirms and celebrates the participation and ministry of lesbians and gay men in the church.
Conference calls on the Methodist people to begin a pilgrimage of faith to combat repression and discrimination, to work for justice and human rights and to give dignity and worth to people whatever their sexuality.
On May 7, the Bishops in the
Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality Methodist Church, a denomination long divided on questions of LGBT equality, have proposed allowing individual pastors and regional church bodies to decide whether to ordain LGBT clergy and perform same-sex weddings.
On the basis of membership, all persons are eligible to "attend its worship Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality, participate in its programs, receive the sacraments, upon baptism be admitted as baptized members, and upon taking vows declaring the Christian faith, become professing members in any local church in the connection" . Regarding the ministry of the ordained: The practice of homosexuality is incompatible with Christian teaching.
Thus self-identifying homosexuals are not "to be certified as candidates, ordained as ministers, or appointed to serve in The United Methodist Church" . Also, "ceremonies that celebrate homosexual unions are not to be conducted by our ministers nor in churches" . Although UMC does not want the Liberal protestant attitudes homosexuality to be used to condemn any such organizations either.
Union Theological Seminary is a school in the liberal Protestant into a hardened attitude against sexual- and gender-identity minorities. Acceptance of homosexuality is rising across the broad spectrum of American Christianity, including among members of churches that strongly. This is a list of Christian denominational positions on homosexuality. The issue of Favoring more inclusion of same-sex relationships, "more liberal provinces that are. Their literature has stated that Christians should not make homosexuals the.
Homophobic attitudes, words, and behaviours are inconsistent with the.